Candidiasis - Symptoms (With Pictures) And Treatment
Also called candidosis and moniliasis, candidiasis is usually a mild, superficial fungal infection caused by the Candida genus. Most often, it infects the nails (onychomycosis), skin (diaper rash), or mucous membranes, especially the oropharynx (thrush), vagina (moniliasis), esophagus, and GI tract.
Rarely, these fungi enter the bloodstream and invade the kidneys, lungs, endocardium, brain, or other structures, causing serious infections. Such systemic infection is most prevalent among drug abusers and patients already hospitalized, particularly diabetics and immunosuppressed patients. The prognosis varies, depending on the patient's resistance
Causes of Candidiasis
Most cases of Candida infection result Hom C. albicans. Other infective strains include C. parapsilosis, C. tropicalis, and C. guillermondii. These fungi are part of the normal flora of the GI tract, mouth, vagina, and skin. They cause infection when some change in the body permits their sudden proliferation - rising glucose levels Hom diabetes mellitus; lowered resistance Hom a disease (such as cancer), an immunosuppressant drug, radiation, aging, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection; or when they're introduced systemically by LV. or urinary catheters, drug abuse, hyperalimentation, or surgery.
Signs and symptoms of Candidiasis
Superficial candidiasis produces symptoms that correspond to the foIlowing sites of infection:
Systemic infection produces chills; high, spiking fever; hypotension; prostration; and occasional rash. Specific symptoms depend on the site of infection, as follows:
DiagnosisIdentification of superficial candidiasis depends on evidence of Candida on a Gram stain of skin, vaginal scrapings, pus, or sputum or on skin scrapings prepared in potassium hydroxide solution. Systemic infections require obtaining a sample for blood or tissue culture.
Treatment of Candidiasis
The first aim of treatment is to improve the underlying condition that predisposes the patient to candidiasis, such as controlling diabetes or discontinuing antibiotic therapy and catheterization, if possible.
Nystatin is an effective antifungal for superficial candidiasis. Clotrimazole, fluconazole, ketoconazole, and miconazole are effective in mucous membrane and vaginal Candida infections.
Ketoconazole or fluconazole is the treatment of choice for chronic candidiasis of the mucous membranes. Treatment for systemic infection consists of LV. amphotericin B with or without 5-fluorocytosine.
Herbal home remedies for Candidiasis
Special considerations and prevention
Because Candida is part of the normal group of microorganisms that co-exist with all people, it is impossible to avoid contact with it. Good vaginal hygiene and good oral hygiene might reduce problems, but they are not guarantees against candidiasis.
Cosmetics Home || Beauty Articles || Gynaecological Problems || Contact Us || Body Tattoos || Stretch Marks|| Celebrities || Plastic Surgery || HGH || Resveratrol Reviews ||
(c)Copyright Bestincosmetics.com All rights reserved.