Vaginal Yeast Infection Treatment- Causes, Symptoms And Home Remedies
Alternative names :- Yeast infection - vagina; Vaginal candidiasis; Monilial vaginitis
Vaginal yeast infections are caused by a fungus called Candida albicans. Yeast are tiny organisms that normally live in small numbers on the skin and inside the vagina. The acidic environment of the vagina helps keep yeast from growing. If the vagina becomes less acidic, too many yeast can grow and cause a vaginal infection.
The acidic balance of the vagina can be changed by your period (menstruation), pregnancy, diabetes, some antibiotics, birth control pills and steroids. Moisture and irritation of the vagina also seem to encourage yeast to grow.
Vaginitis is the most common gynecologic problem seen in primary care and gynecology settings. A vaginal yeast infection, also called vulvovaginal candidiasis, is one of three types of vaginitis. The other types are bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis. Yeasts are always present in the vagina in small numbers; however, symptoms only appear when overgrowth occurs. As with the other forms of vaginitis. a yeast infection is triggered by changes in the vaginal ecosystem. It's estimated that 75% of all women will have a vaginal yeast infection at some point in their lives.
Causes of Vaginal yeast infection
The most common cause (about 90%) of a vaginal yeast infection is a fungus called Candida albicans. Other fungi that may also be responsible include;
It's unknown exactly why some women are more prone to yeast infections. Even so, some predisposing factors have been identified. including: .
Signs and symptoms of Vaginal yeast infection
The most common complaint of women with yeast infections is vulval and vaginal itching. They may also experience irritation and inflammation.
Other symptoms may include:
Women may notice a worsening of symptoms during the week before the onset of menses. with relief during and after menses. due to the hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle. On physical examination. the clinician may note vulvovaginal edema and erythema. A thick. white. usually nonmalodorous discharge may be present. White flecks may be noted adhering to the vaginal wall. Excoriations may be observed due to scratching or irritation. and the vagina may look and feel dry.
Diagnosis information of Vaginal yeast infection
To diagnose a yeast infection. the clinician must:
Further testing with fungal cultures is indicated in patients with recurrent yeast infections or infections refractory to treatment.
Vaginal yeast infection treatment
Yeast infections can be treated topically or orally. Topical treatments are generally more effective and may be given as creams, suppositories, or a combination of both. Doses are given each night for 3 to 7 days, depending on the agent and concentration. Recurrent or refractory infections warrant longer therapy. Topical medications include:
Oral treatment is commonly preferred because it isn't as messy and patients are more likely to comply. However, the adverse effect of hepatotoxicity must be kept in mind. One oral dose of fluconazole (Diflucan) can be given. For those with vulvar itching and burning, a topical anti fungal may be prescribed to relieve the discomfort when applied externally. Several over-the-counter treatments are available and can be recommended for clients with previously diagnosed yeast infections who have recurrence of the same symptoms.
Natural Home remedies to cure vaginal yeast infection
Special considerations and Prevention
Care of the patient with a yeast infection includes teaching about treatment and prevention. Self-diagnosis, treatment, and prevention must also be addressed.
Patients should be taught about vaginal hygiene, including the following:
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